What kind of disease is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an inflammation caused by microorganisms invading the lungs and usually occurs within days to a week after infection. Pneumonia caused by bacteria or viruses is the most common, and there are rare cases of pneumonia caused by fungi or parasites. Most of them are caused by pathogens that settle and colonize the oral cavity or nasopharynx penetrating the lungs through the airways, and airborne bacteria such as tuberculosis can penetrate the lungs along with breathing.
The cause of pneumonia
There are various causes of pneumonia, but the main cause is infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and microorganisms.It is said that the bacteria that cause pneumonia can settle in the lungs and multiply by inhalation. Bacteria and viruses cause pneumonia by filling the lungs with body fluids and pus. Pneumonia is contagious and spreads to coughs, sneezes, and physical contact.
In addition, it is said that it can be infected by microorganisms. It is said that this can be caused by inhalation of impurities such as vomiting and radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is performed to treat cancer, but it may develop into pneumonia symptoms after cancer, so you need to look carefully. In addition, it may be caused by air pollution, malnutrition, smoking, and immunosuppressive drugs.
Types of pneumonia
One of the most common pneumococcal and bacterial pneumonia is pneumococcal pneumonia. It is known to be mainly caused by acute otitis media and meningitis, and it is more likely to appear in infants, children, and the elderly, so vaccinations should be performed every time. Legionella It is caused by contaminated water that easily occurs in decorative fountains, showers, and air conditioners that are common on the streets.
It is said that it is caused by the inhalation of bacteria contained in contaminated water into the human body and appears easily in summer when air conditioning is relatively frequent. In addition, the risk is further highlighted by the use of group facilities because they can spread to group infections. These pneumonia, which is transmitted by Mycoplasma droplets, is based on a fungus called Mycoplasma. It is frequently observed in children and young people, and tends to trend every 34 years.
A symptom of pneumonia
A thousand notes
Because of pneumonia, bronchial stenosis or mucus increases, the airway narrows, and airway resistance increases, resulting in a high rhythmic and whistling sound. If you hear breathing sounds like a thousand sounds, you can suspect pneumonia symptoms.
Cough and phlegm
Symptoms of pneumonia include coughing and phlegm. A common cold is also accompanied by coughs and phlegm. But pneumonia is worse than that, and most cases are accompanied by pain when coughing. In addition, pneumonia symptoms appear with a lot of watery, sticky phlegm.
A pain in the chest
More than 90 percent of patients with pneumonia complain of chest pain. And when you breathe or cough, you suffer from chest pain. Also, symptoms vary widely from person to person, but some people feel like they're stabbing their lungs with something like a pointed needle. That's why others feel the pain of squeezing their lungs hard with their hands.
It is said that 40% of the general public already has pneumococcus that causes pneumonia. Usually, pneumonia develops when there is no harm and the immune system decreases, and at this time, cyanosis can appear as the lungs lack oxygen, and thin skin areas such as hands, feet, and lips turn blue.
Fever and chills
One of the symptoms of pneumonia is the fever on the face, so you feel hot and your body temperature rises. It is said that fever and chills tend to occur simultaneously due to pneumonia. When the body heats up due to pneumonia, the body secretes sweat to lower body temperature and regulates hormones in the body. That's why you always get chills after your fever has passed.
How to Treat Pneumonia Symptoms
If you experience symptoms of pneumonia, it can be diagnosed by X-ray or culture test. If necessary, additional urine, blood, serum tests, CT, etc. are performed. Patients diagnosed with pneumonia are usually not recommended to be hospitalized. However, if you are young, have severe basic diseases or difficulty breathing, it is recommended to visit a hospital in case of old age or pregnancy and receive prompt treatment, improvement of conditions, and risk managementaccording to the situation.
The most important thing in the treatment of pneumonia symptoms seems to be antibiotics to eliminate the causativebacteria. It is caused by bacterial or viral infection and is initially treated like a cold through antiviral drugs.
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